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Expedition to Liberia

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Document describing the upcoming voyage of the ship Mariposa that would deliver manumitted slaves from the McDonogh plantation in New Orleans to the colony of Liberia.


American Colonization Society


ACS Papers



Expedition for Liberia

This fine ample ship Mariposa is chartered by the American Colonization Society and expected to sail from New Orleans from the 20th to the 25th of May with more than eighty slaves who have been trained up for liberty, and are now to be manumitted by a single generous-minded individual.
"Knowing those people as I do, sir," he observes, "(for the greater part were born under my roof,) I do not hesitate to say, should they go to Liberia, that they will be the most valuable acquisition, for their number, which that Colony has received into her bosom; and would tend in a higher degree to the advancement of her interests than ten times their number would do, taken generally through the United States.
"Saying nothing of their moral and religious character, (which merits high commendation,) they have been reared to habits of order and industry; most of them read well, some write, and several among them, both male and female, are capable of becoming common school teachers. But for their talents as artisans, mechanics, agriculturalists, sugar makers, sugar kettle setters, builders of sugar house chimneys, (each of which is a separate trade or profession,) blacksmiths, carpenters, masons, etc. etc. they are emphatically the population which Liberia stands greatly in need of, and who are formed to advance her interests. A few years after their arrival there, would see them in possession, I have no doubt, of fine sugar, cotton and coffee estates. Some of them have pecuniary means, and all of them would have large means (in such a country as that) in their knowledge of agriculture and the arts of life."
Another gentleman writes: "of these 80 to 85, about 55 are adults and the balance children, from six to twelve years of age and upwards; mechanics, blacksmiths, and of all the trades, and will be the most valuable emigration ever gone from out country. They are worth $150,000, of excellent moral habits, and some of them preachers of the gospel."
We appeal to all the clergy, and to all the religious and humane people of this Union, to enable the Society to fulfil, promptly and liberally, the wishes of this philanthropic individual, and to place this most interesting company of people where they may enjoy the advantages of liberty and the largest means and opportunities of usefulness. Not time is to be lost. The company should sail from New Orleans by the 25th of May.
Under date of April 11th an agent of the Society, Mr. Levi T. Walker, writes from Abingdon, Va. "our company numbering 70, passed through here to day, and it is expected they will reach Lynchburg in two weeks from this time. Several of these emigrants will have horses, wagons, etc., to sell when they get to Lynchburg. They are depending very much on the sale of these to get to Liberia."
"I have not time to mention particulars, more than to say, that about one half of the company have means, or have them provided for them; others have but little. The character of the emigrants is good." The Society is depending very much upon contributions yet to be raised for ability to place these people in safety and comfort in Liberia.

Convention of the friends of African Colonization,
To be held in the City of Washington on the 4th of May, to devise and adopt the best measures for the Colonization and Civilization of Africa. The friends of the cause are earnestly invited to attend.
Washington, April 20, 1842

[handwritten text] Please send the enclosed to the office for the _______
to occupy their attention. Very faithfully truly Howell Ellsworth _____ RR _____

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